The purpose of a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy is to wipe out your debts, allowing you to get a "Fresh Financial Start".
In a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy a trustee will be appointed by the court to liquidate (sell) all assets that do not fall under the bankruptcy exemption guidelines. The net proceeds collected in the liquidation of the non-exempt assets are then distributed to your creditors.
Typically an individual who files for a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy has a large credit card debt that may include multiple credit cards, various unsecured bills with may be associated with various assets that the payment status may or may not be delinquent.
In many Chapter 7 Bankruptcy situations you may be able to keep specific secured debts such as your car, furniture, or home, as long as you reaffirm your commitment to continue paying these debts. In order to keep these items in a successful Chapter 7 Bankruptcy you must voluntary sign a "reaffirmation agreement", which stipulates that you cannot file bankruptcy to discharge the debt of these items for 6 years.
The purpose of the "Reaffirmation Agreement" is to protect "reaffirmed" debtors, as well as ensuring an individual does not try to abuse the bankruptcy process.
The longer an individual waits to obtain legal representation may directly affect their ability to achieve a successful outcome. Therefore, if you are considering filing for a chapter 7 bankruptcy, it is important to seek the legal advice and representation of an experienced chapter 7 bankruptcy attorney or lawyer as soon as possible.